Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961. At first, the Unionists and Autonomists were allied against the centralism of Vienna. Many new hotels are being built, as well as new apartment and office buildings. There is no tram since the city is unsuitable for it due to its hilly geography but the Split Suburban Railway which runs from the Port of Split to Kaštel Stari. After the Cvetković-Maček agreement, Split became the part of new administrative unit (merging of Sava and Littoral Banovina plus some Croat populated areas), Banovina of Croatia in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Venice eventually prevailed and during the early modern period Split remained a Venetian city, a heavily fortified outpost surrounded by Ottoman territory. The coastal cities retained autonomous administration and were still nominally under Byzantine Empire, but were now subjects of the Croatian king. In 1991, Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia amid the Croatian War of Independence. One was the pro-Croatian Unionist faction (later called the "Puntari", "Pointers"), led by the People's Party and, to a lesser extent, the Party of Rights, both of which advocated the union of Dalmatia with the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia which was under Hungarian administration. Always buzzing, this exuberant city has just the right balance between tradition and modernity. Among them the most notable is Miljenko Smoje, famous for his TV series Malo misto and Velo misto, with the latter dealing with the development of Split into a modern city. Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967. In 1124, while the Doge was engaged against the Byzantine Empire (now hostile to Venice), Stephen II recovered Split and Trogir without resistance. Usage on en.wikipedia.org COVID-19 pandemic in Croatia; Usage on hr.wikipedia.org Pandemija koronavirusa u Hrvatskoj 2020. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Split (Croatian pronunciation: [splît]; see other names) is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. Various theories were developed, such as the notion that the name derives from S. Palatium, an abbreviation of Salonae Palatium. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea, centered on the Roman Palace of the Emperor Diocletian. The JNA and JRM evacuated all of its facilities in Split during January 1992. After the end of World War I and the dissolution of Austria-Hungary, the province of Dalmatia, along with Split, became a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula. Media in category "Ships in Split, Croatia" The following 99 files are in this category, out of 99 total. Despite colorful settings and characters, as well as a cinema tradition that could be traced to early 20th-century works of Josip Karaman, there were relatively few films shot in or around Split. The Port of Split (Croatian: Luka Split) is a port in the central Dalmatian city of Split, Croatia.The port was originally a trading post originally established by Greek settlers from the island of Vis and subsequently taken over by the Romans. Split was the site of a series of incidents between 1918 and 1920. It lies 27 kilometres (17 miles) … After the war the remaining members of the Italian community in Split left Yugoslavia towards Italy (Istrian-Dalmatian exodus). – discuss]. In the last few years it has grown to a large extent. Split is a city in Central Dalmatia, Croatia. On 12 June 1942, a fascist mob attacked the city's synagogue, and destroyed its library and archive. Average annual rainfall is more than 820 mm (32.28 in). Many players from Split have participated at Olympic Games, World and European Championships, both for Croatia and Yugoslavia, having won a lot of medals. Picigin is a traditional local sport (originating in 1908), played on the famous sandy beach Bačvice. In 1805, the Peace of Pressburg added it to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and in 1806 it was included in the French Empire, becoming part of the Illyrian Provinces in 1809. The Croatian term became Split or Spljet, while the Italian-language version, Spalato, became universal in international usage by the Early Modern Period. By a popular theory, the city draws its name from the spiny broom (Calicotome spinosa, ασπάλαθος in Greek), after which the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) or Spálathos (Σπάλαθος) was named. Split also developed a prominent hip hop scene, with notable acts such as The Beat Fleet, Dječaci, Kiša Metaka and ST!llness.  In this period, an independent Dalmatian language developed from Latin, with a distinct local dialect: to its inhabitants, the city became known as Spalatrum or Spalatro, one of the main Dalmatian city-states. For historical Italian province, see, For more information on the history of Split's region, see. from ₹ 137/night. The entire route was opened in July 2005. Split, Croatia, the largest coastal city in Croatia; Split Island, Canada, an island in the Hudson Bay; Split Island, Falkland Islands; Split Island, Fiji, better known as Hạfliua; Arts, entertainment, and media Films. Since Rijeka, Trieste and Zadar, the three other large cities on the eastern Adriatic coast, were annexed by Italy, Split became the most important port in the Kingdom. Winter is the wettest season; however, it can rain in Split at any time of the year. In 925 Tomislav's Kingdom of Croatia emerged in the hinterland of the city, centered in Nin as an ally of Byzantium against Simeon I of Bulgaria - though without receiving any power from the Emperor over the Dalmatian cities. See all. Split used to be the home to three highest-level waterpolo clubs, the winners of many domestic and international titles: Jadran (twice LEN Champions League winner), Mornar (LEN Cup Winners' Cup winner) and now defunct POŠK (one LEN Champions League, one LEN Supercup and two times LEN Cup Winners' Cup winner). In 1019 the Byzantine Empire restored direct control over Dalmatia. There are 24 primary schools and 23 secondary schools including 11 grammar schools. , Split Science museum and Zoo (Croatian: Prirodoslovni muzej i zoološki vrt) located at Kolombatovićevo šetalište 2 on the Marjan hill peninsula. The cities remained in Venetian hands without contest during the reign of Béla II. The collection presents the urban, cultural, artistic and economic heritage of the city. Notable composers include Josip Hatze, Ivo Tijardović, Zdenko Runjić – some of the most influential musicians in former Yugoslavia. Both Smoje and Tijardović are famous artists thought to represent the old Split traditions that are slowly dying out due to the city being overwhelmed by large numbers of rural migrants from the undeveloped hinterland. The museum is also home to the Emanuel Vidović Gallery, dedicated to the most important Split painter of the 20th century. Sportsmen are traditionally held in high regard in Split, and the city is famous for producing many champions. July is the hottest month, with an average high temperature around 30 °C (86 °F).  Antonio Bajamonti became Mayor of Split in 1860 and – except for a brief interruption during the period 1864–65 – held the post for over two decades until 1880. It has hot, moderately dry summers and mild, wet winters, which can occasionally feel cold, because of the strong northern wind bura. Its population was 178,102 in 2011. Split has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa) in the Köppen climate classification, since only one summer month has less than 40 mm (1.6 in) of rainfall, preventing it from being classified as solely humid subtropical or Mediterranean. In the late 19th century, the Croatian name increasingly came to prominence, and officially replaced Spalato in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I. In September 1943, following the capitulation of Italy, the city was temporarily controlled by Tito's brigades with thousands of people volunteering to join the Partisans of Marshal Josip Broz Tito (a third of the total population, according to some sources). The University of Split (Croatian: Sveučilište u Splitu) was founded in 1974. In addition to the Zagreb-Split freeway (A1), the traffic along the Adriatic coast on the Adriatic Highway from Rijeka to Dubrovnik flows through the city. The team's main rival is Zagreb and there are teams from half a dozen other cities around the country. Members of the local rowing club HVK Gusar won numerous Olympic and World Championship medals.   Byzantine Emperor Alexius took advantage of this and joined the old Theme of Dalmatia to the Empire. The Greek settlement lived off trade with the surrounding Illyrian tribes, mostly the Delmatae. In the years following 2000, Split finally gained momentum and started to develop again, with a focus on tourism. Founded in 1910, the museum collects original and contemporary applications of traditional heritage.  The city was founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BC on the coast of the Illyrian Dalmatae, and later on was home to Diocletian's Palace, built for the Roman emperor in AD 305. The same year, Vincenzo Dandolo was named provveditore generale and general Auguste de Marmont was named military commander of Dalmatia. Split's most famous tennis players are the retired 2001 Wimbledon champion Goran Ivanišević, Mario Ančić ("Super Mario"), Nikola Pilić and Željko Franulović. It consists of one line serving seven stations, running from Split centre to Kaštel Stari. By and large they are toll highways with a ticket system. The damage was insignificant but there were a few casualties. Former WWE wrestler and WWE Hall of Fame member Josip Peruzović, better known as Nikolai Volkoff, was born in Split. By a popular theory, the city draws its name from the spiny broom (Calicotome spinosa, ασπάλαθος in Greek), after which the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) or Spálathos (Σπάλαθος) was named. For a significant period, the origin of the name was erroneously thought to be related to the Latin word for "palace" (palatium), a reference to Diocletian's Palace which still forms the core of the city. The gallery displays some of his most significant work, and the building itself is an art monument. Din punct de vedere etnic, majoritatea locuitorilor (96,23%) erau croați , cu o minoritate de …  In 1981 Split's GDP per capita was 37% above the Yugoslav average. The Lika railway, connecting Split to the rest of the country, was completed in 1925. Split's team, Nada, plays its homegames at old Hajduk stadium, where the rugby club also plays. This faction was strongest in Split, and used it as its headquarters. Its capacity is around 12,000 spectators (in basketball events). At the international level, Bilić … Split was to remain in Byzantine hands until Manuel's death in 1180, when Béla III of Hungary moved to restore Hungarian power in Dalmatia. It connects Split to the nearby central Dalmatian islands Brač, Hvar and Šolta, as well as the more distant Vis, Korčula and Lastovo. Throughout the 9th and 10th centuries, Split was raided by the Narentines (a South Slavic confederation recognizing the King of Croatia as their sovereign). It employs around 2,300 people, and has built over 350 vessels, including many tankers, both panamax and non-panamax, as well as container ships, bulk carriers, dredgers, off-shore platforms, frigates, submarines, patrol boats and passenger ships. Currently the new campus is being built, and it will be finished before 2018.  The exact year the city was founded is not known, but it is estimated to have been in the 3rd or 2nd century BC. According to the 2011 census, the city of Split had 178,102 inhabitants. Slaven Bilić, Aljoša Asanović, Igor Tudor, and Stipe Pletikosa are some of the famous Split natives who started their careers at Hajduk. , After the Illyrian Wars of 229 and 219 BC, the city of Salona, only a short distance from Spálathos, became the capital of the Roman Province of Dalmatia and one of the largest cities of the late empire with 60.000 people. Today, the city's economy relies mostly on trade and tourism with some old industries undergoing partial revival, such as food (fishing, olive, wine production), paper, concrete and chemicals. The theory is dubious as it is Spanish broom (Spartium junceum, brnistra or žuka in Croatian) that is a very frequent plant in the area. These territories, along with Dalmatia, formed the Illyrian Provinces. Three general locations were bombarded: the old city center, the city airport and an uninhabited part of the hills above Kaštela, between the airport and Split. The most tragic such incident occurred on 15 November 1991, when the JRM light frigate Split fired a small number of shells at the city and its surroundings. 1950. Though ravaged by war in the 1990s, in which it sought and gained independence, Croatia has quickly recovered and re-emerged as a popular crowd-drawer. Snow is usually rare; since record-keeping began the months of December and January have accrued 1 snowy day on average, while February has averaged 2. The city was originally built around the Diocletian palace (a palace/fort built for the retired Roman emperor Diocletian) where the locals sought refuge centuries ago. Split is an important transport center for Dalmatia and the wider region.  Ivano Balić, two time IHF World Player of the Year is the most famous handball player to come from Split. The source material here is from Mladen Cukrov's book "There's no ball like baseball" (Nima baluna do Baseball) and from the writer's experience as an assistant coach of the team for several years. Split and Trogir decided then to surrender upon guarantee of their ancient privileges. The second line between Split centre and Split-Kopilica opened in June 2019, and was discontinued in November 2019. Je tu námorný prístav, vojenská základňa, medzinárodné letisko v Trogire a cenné stavebné pamiatky. A permanent exhibition is planned to complete the presentation of military maritime and naval history, with a presentation that covers the period from the arrival of the Slavs to the present day. The Port of Split, which serves 4 million passengers every year, is the third busiest port in the Mediterranean. The Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus began his campaigns against the Kingdom of Croatia and Hungary in 1151, and by 1164, had secured the submission of the Dalmatian cities back under Imperial rule. The rights granted to the city (and reaffirmed by new charters) were substantial. Later it drifted into the sphere of the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Croatia, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. Dozens of new factories and companies were founded with the city population tripling during the period.  Following the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the city was officially ceded to Austria.. Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Trogir je grad u Splitsko-dalmatinskoj županiji u Hrvatskoj. Split (phát âm tiếng Croatia: ) là thành phố lớn thứ nhì Croatia và là thành phố lớn nhất vùng Dalmatia.Nó nằm bên bờ biển Adriatic và lan rộng trên một bán đảo. January is the coldest month, with an average low temperature around 5 °C (41 °F). It was included directly in the French Empire in 1806. Pula (Croatian pronunciation: (); Italian: Pola, Istriot: Puola, Slovene: Pulj) is the largest city in Istria County, Croatia and the eighth largest city in the country, situated at the southern tip of the Istrian peninsula, with a population of 57,460 in 2011.It is known for its multitude of ancient Roman buildings, the most famous of which is the Pula Arena, one of the best preserved Roman amphitheaters.The city … It was written in Split and printed in Venice in 1521. The railway was opened on refurbished existing M604 tracks on December 10, 2006. November is the wettest month, with a precipitation total of nearly 113 mm (4.45 in) and 12 rainy days. , The Split City Museum (Croatian: Muzej Grada Splita) at Papalićeva 1, is housed in the former Papalić Palace. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to … After a while, when the national question came to prominence, they separated.  Today, most of the factories are out of business (or are far below pre-war production and employment capacity) and the city has been trying to concentrate on commerce and services, consequently leaving an alarmingly large number of factory workers unemployed. Split (italiensk: Spalato) er en kroatisk by i Dalmatien.Den er en af de vigtigste kroatiske havnebyer ved Adriaterhavet.. Den har desuden en international lufthavn, Split Airport. This turned out to be a definitive conquest, as Venetian rule was not to return to Split for another 186 years. The Pannonian Avars sacked and destroyed Salona in 639; the surviving Romans fled to the nearby islands.   Local jokes have always condemned the Vlaji to playing the role of rural unsophisticates, although it is often conceded that it was their hard work in the industries of the post-WWII era that made modern-day Split what it is now.. The Marjan hill (178 metres (584 ft)), rises in the western part of the peninsula. The next major milestone was in 1983 when the World Baseball Federation (IBAF)[clarification needed] accepted Yugoslavia as an official member. , The shipbuilding industry was particularly successful and Yugoslavia, with its Croatian shipyards, became one of the world's top nations in the field. In 1105 Coloman, King of Hungary, having conquered the Kingdom of Croatia, reneged on its alliance with Venice and moved on the coastal towns, besieging and taking Zadar. Although Split formally became part of the Independent State of Croatia, the Ustaše were not able to establish and strengthen their rule in Split, as Italians assumed all power in Dalmatia. These rights were generally upheld by Hungarian kings, but there were inevitable incidents of violation. After World War II, Split became a part of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, itself a constituent sovereign republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Despite initial appearances, however, the city is not a small tourist town, and extends over a large area well beyond the ancient core. Its hinterland was won from the Ottomans in the Morean War of 1699, and in 1797, as Venice fell to Napoleon, the Treaty of Campo Formio rendered the city to the Habsburg Monarchy. Salona was lost to the Ostrogothic Kingdom in 493, along with most of Dalmatia, but the Emperor Justinian I regained Dalmatia in 535–536. This led to a tense months-long stand-off between the JNA and Croatian National Guard and police forces, occasionally flaring up in various incidents. Media in category "Saint Martin's Church, Split" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. The largest football stadium is the Poljud Stadium (HNK Hajduk's ground), with around 35,000 capacity (55,000 prior to the renovation to an all-seater). The latter joined the Fetivi and Boduli as a third group in the decades since World War II, thronging the high-rise suburbs that stretch away from the centre. Croați (96,23%) Sârbi (1,42%) Necunoscut (0,39%) Neclasificat (1,39%) Componența confesională a orașului Split Catolici (86,15%) Fără religie și atei (6,56%) Agnostici și sceptici (1,61%) Ortodocși (1,18%) Necunoscută (3,2%) Alte religii (1,29%) Conform recensământului din 2011, orașul Split avea 178.102 locuitori. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Blessed with a coastal location alongside the Adriatic Sea, Croatia attracts visitors from Europe and the world looking for sun-kissed beaches and historic cities. The gallery also has an extensive collection of icons, and holds special exhibits of works by contemporary artists. Brodosplit is the largest shipyard in Croatia. Ezt követően Kálmán ünnepélyes bevonulást (adventus) tartott Splitben, amelyekhez hasonlóra került sor más dalmáciai városokban az 1105. évi hadjárat során. In the same period it achieved an as yet unsurpassed GDP and employment level, still above the present day's, growing into a significant Yugoslav city. Under Austria, however, Split can generally be said to have stagnated.  By now the Vlaji constitute a decided majority of inhabitants, causing a distinct shift in the overall ethnic characteristics of the city. Basketball is also popular, and the city basketball club, KK Split (Jugoplastika Split), holds the record of winning the Euroleague three consecutive times (1989–1991), with notable players like Toni Kukoč and Dino Rađa both of whom are Split natives. In July 2017 Croatian firefighters battled to control a forest fire along the Adriatic coast that damaged and destroyed buildings in villages around the city of Split. After being occupied in 1813, it was eventually granted to the Austrian Empire following the Congress of Vienna, where the city remained a part of the Austrian Kingdom of Dalmatia until the fall of Austria-Hungary in 1918 and the formation of Yugoslavia. On 12 February 1945 the Kriegsmarine conducted a daring raid on the Split harbour, damaging the British cruiser Delhi. The most popular sports in Split are football (soccer), tennis, basketball, swimming, rowing, sailing, waterpolo, athletics, and handball. In that period, however, Split was to see one brief (and final) restoration of Imperial power in Dalmatia. Nevertheless, given that they are similar flowers, it is understandable how the confusion arose.  The Temple of Jupiter was rededicated to the Virgin Mary and the remains of the popular Saint Domnius were recovered from the ruins of Salona, later establishing the Cathedral of Saint Domnius as new seat of the Archbishop of Salona. The first armed resistance group was organized on 7 May 1941; the 63 member strong 1st Strike Detachment (Prvi udarni odred) served as the basis for future formations, including the 1st Split Partisan Detachment. Split is also becoming a major cruise ship destination, with over 260 ship visits, carrying 130,000 passengers.  Split-Dalmatia County (Croatian: Splitsko-dalmatinska županija [splîtsko-dalmǎtiːnskaː ʒupǎnija]) is the central-southern Dalmatian county in Croatia. The entire Split-Dalmatia County has 454,798 residents, and the whole region of Dalmatia just under a million. Croatia's second-largest city, Split (Spalato in Italian) is a great place to see Dalmatian life as it’s really lived. A Croatian National Baseball Federation was established in 1989. Step inside Diocletian’s Palace (a Unesco World Heritage Site and one of the world’s most impressive Roman monuments) and you’ll see dozens of bars, restaurants and shops thriving amid the … The other faction was the pro-Italian Autonomist faction (also known as the "Irredentist" faction), whose political goals varied from autonomy within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, to a political union with the Kingdom of Italy.  The rise of the rival Bishopric of Nin, headed by Bishop Gregory, which attempted to institute the "Slavonic" or "Slavic language" as the language of religious service, led to the 925 Synod of Split, at which it was decreed that "no one should presume to celebrate the divine mysteries in the Slavonic language, but only in Latin and Greek, and that no one of that tongue should be advanced to the holy orders". The 1990s economic recession soon followed. Forêts primaires de hêtres des Carpates et d'autres régions d'Europe (avec 12 pays) (2017). The first actual game played in Split was on 9 September 1978 between Split (the new team moved here and was called Nada) and Jezice from Ljubljana–a 20-1 romp for the locals! The gallery building and grounds were based on original plans by Meštrović himself, and included living and working areas, as well as exhibition spaces. The Fetivi, now a distinct minority, are sometimes referred to (semi-derogatorily) as "Mandrili" - and are augmented by the so-called Boduli, immigrants from the nearby Adriatic islands who mostly arrived over the course of the 20th century. , The Ivan Meštrović Gallery (Croatian: Galerija Meštrović), on the Marjan peninsula is an art museum dedicated to the work of the 20th-century sculptor, Ivan Meštrović. , The Gallery of Fine Arts (Croatian: Galerija umjetnina), located at Kralja Tomislava 15, is an art museum that contains works from the 14th century to the present day providing an overview of the artistic developments in the local art scene. Also, the more notable musicians and bands from Split are Oliver Dragojević, Gibonni, Daleka Obala, Magazin, Severina, Dino Dvornik, Jasmin Stavros, Neno Belan, Goran Karan, Dražen Zečić, Doris Dragović, Jelena Rozga, Tutti Frutti, Siniša Vuco, Meri Cetinić and guitar player Petar Čulić.
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